Saturday, December 10, 2016

Towards 2017 - A History of Russia - A History of a Civilization ?




Democracy and Class Struggle says the idea of a Russian civilisation is not nationalistic.

There are two translations of the word “Russian”: russkaya and rossiiskaya; the former means narrowly ethnic Russian, while the latter is all-encompassing and civic.

The concept of a rossiiskaya culture includes Russian culture, Tatar Culture, Chechen culture and so on. Rossiiskaya civilisation is the sum of cultural historical types.

This is not Russification, quite the opposite – this is aimed at maintaining  cultural variety but this has not stopped people conflating the two to advance a Russophobic political agenda'particularly in US Foreign Policy Journals.

These same journals have no problem with talking about Western, Indian or Chinese Civilization but go into apoplexy when you mention Russian Civilization.

We provide the above videos's as a prelude to looking at the Soviet Union at its limitations and its progress in the 20th Century in the battle to advance revolutionary socialism.

.




Iran has summoned the British ambassador to Tehran over the recent meddlesome remarks made by UK Prime Minister Theresa May against the Islamic Republic.





“Following British Prime Minister Theresa May’s meddlesome remarks at the summit of the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council, Nicholas Hopton, the country’s ambassador to Tehran, was summoned to the Foreign Ministry today,” Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi said on Saturday.

He added that the deputy director general for West Europe affairs at the Iranian Foreign Ministry expressed Tehran’s strong protest at the prime minister’s “thoughtless remarks.”

Speaking at the annual summit of the [Persian] Gulf Cooperation Council in the Bahraini capital of Manama on Wednesday, May said Britain would help the GCC states “push back” against what she claimed to be Iran’s “aggressive regional actions.”

The British premier also said that her country wanted to “make a more permanent and more enduring commitment to the long-term security” of the Persian Gulf and would invest almost four billion dollars in defense spending in the region over the next 10 years.

Qassemi said the Iranian Foreign Ministry official emphasized that May’s “irresponsible, provocative and divisive” comments at the regional annual summit were “unacceptable and rejected.”

Iran seriously expects Britain to avoid repeating such unacceptable remarks in the future, he added.

The spokesperson said the Iranian official told the British diplomat that such measures are in contradiction with the expansion of relations and would harm Tehran-London ties.

He said the British ambassador was also told that Iran’s regional policy was based on the establishment of peace, stability and security as well as the fight against terrorism.

During the meeting, it was announced that at a time that the policy of certain regional countries in supporting terrorism was clear, it was regrettable and astonishing that the British prime minister had overlooked the truth, Qassemi added.

Hopton, for his part, said London’s policy was to improve relations with Tehran and added that he would immediately inform his country of Iran’s message.

Britain reopened its embassy in Tehran in August 2015 as a sign of the improvement of mutual ties between the two countries.

The European country had shut down its embassy in Tehran in November 2011, withdrawing its diplomatic staff after hundreds of Iranian students staged a protest outside the British embassy in Tehran against the expansion of UK sanctions on Iran, pulling down the UK flag and demanding the expulsion of the British ambassador.

In late November 2011, Iran’s Parliament approved a bill to downgrade the diplomatic ties between Tehran and London to the level of chargé d’affaires, and limit all economic and cultural collaborations to the minimum level.

Iran and Britain upgraded their ties back to the ambassador level in September, in another sign of warming relations between the two countries.

USA: Obama Calls for Investigation into Russian Hacking, Still No Evidence Made Public




Where is all this going  ? with release of documents before the Trump Inauguration ? also note that Russia's telecom operator on Friday said it had blocked a series of cyber attacks on the country's leading banks this week, the latest to target Moscow's financial sector.

Rostelecom said in a statement it "successfully thwarted DDoS [distributed denial of service] on the five biggest banks and financial organisations in Russia" on Monday.

"The most sustained attack lasted more than two hours," it said.

US Intelligence officials and private cybersecurity companies believe that the Democratic National Committee was hacked by two different Russian cyberunits. 

One, called “Cozy Bear” or “A.P.T. 29” by some Western security experts, is believed to have spent months inside the D.N.C.
computer network, as well as other government and political institutions, but never made public any of the documents it took. 

(A.P.T. stands for “Advanced Persistent Threat,” which usually describes a sophisticated state-sponsored cyber intruder.)

The other, the G.R.U.-controlled unit known as “Fancy Bear,” or “A.P.T. 28,” is believed to have created two outlets on the internet, Guccifer 2.0 and DC Leaks, to make Democratic documents public. 

Many of the documents were also provided to Wiki Leaks, which released them over many weeks before the Nov. 8 election.

Democracy and Class Struggle says there is undeniable hacking by USA and Russia both making plausible deniability claims which is what we expect. 





India: Demonetisation - One Step Forward Two Steps Back by Kobad Ghandy



Kobad Ghandy is a political prisoner in Cherlapally Central Jail, Rangareddy District, Telangana


Is India a weak state which punishes only the small and weak? The rich and well-connected wrongdoer is virtually going scot-free …

 No one wants to go after the rich and well-connected wrongdoer, which means they get away with even more.

If we are to have strong sustainable growth, this culture of impunity should stop. (Indian Express 2016)

What Raghuram Rajan, the ex-governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), said in January 2016 is strikingly relevant to what we see now with the demonetisation exercise.

The recent month has seen millions of poor and middle-class people, with no cash to buy food and medicines, standing in long queues to access their own money from the ATMs and banks, while the bigwigs of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) were celebrating a five-day wedding ceremony of an ex-BJP minister (also famous as the Bellary mining mafia chief) Janardhana Reddy’s daughter.

Neither the Reddys nor his guests had any worry about converting their notes, though this function began barely four days after the demonetisation announcement.

In a country like India, where corruption seeps virtually into every crevice of society, fighting black money and its continuous generation should be a major task for any government.

The stench of corruption not only harasses the common man at every step, it also prevents fruitful development, as even the smallest of projects get derailed with sometimes as much as 50% or more of the allocations swallowed by politicians, bureaucrats, middlemen and contractors. Social and welfare projects get subverted; one estimate states that barely 10 paise in every rupee reaches the affected people.

Without doubt, if India is to come out of its backwardness and excruciating levels of impoverishment, fighting black money and corruption is essential.

But can demonetisation achieve this?

Ferreting out the existing stock of black money cannot be a one-time act. An equally important task is the prevention of its regeneration in the future.

Demonetisation does not even touch upon the second.

On the contrary, printing higher denomination notes of ₹2,000 only facilitates further transactions in the black economy.

Cash Stock: Tip of the Iceberg

According to a report of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) submitted to the finance minister in December 2013, black economy could constitute 75% of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) (Mehra 2014).

This report was ignored by the then Finance Minister P Chidambaram, as also by the present government. The media has also blacked it out, choosing to quote the World Bank’s estimates of black economy at a mere 20%–30% of GDP.

If we are unwilling to understand the scale of the problem, how are we to seriously tackle it? Those serious about fighting the black money should first make this report public. At 75% of GDP, ₹120 lakh crore of black income is being generated every year.

Compare this with the figure of ₹14.6 lakh crore existing in ₹500/₹1,000 notes, the main component of the black money stock. Even if we assume 50% of these notes comprise black money, that would mean a mere `7–`8 lakh crore, that is, just 7% of the total black income being generated. In fact, according to the economist, Swaminathan S Anklesaria Aiyar (2016),

As a stock, probably not even 2% of historical black hoards are held in cash—almost all have been converted into gold, real estate, financial investments, some at home and much abroad… The overwhelming stock of black money has been laundered into white ages ago.

In fact, according to the Global Financial Integrity, between 2004 and 2013, ₹3.3 lakh crore left the country each year. That would mean a gigantic stock of ₹40 lakh crore was siphoned abroad over these 12 years.

Unofficial estimates put the total stock of illegal money abroad at ₹75 lakh crore. And not a paisa of this has been tapped by the BJP government that promised to bring this huge amount back home.

Not a single person named in the Panama Papers was taken to task. On the contrary, many were to flee the country with their ill-gotten wealth.

These include the defaulter Vijay Mallya and lately, the meat exporter Moin Qureshi, Lalit Modi, and the two notorious arms dealers Sudhir Choudhrie and Vipin Khanna.

Such defaulters with hoards of wealth siphoned off from our country are living palatial lives in the United Kingdom. 

Yet, when the British Prime Minister recently visited India, no serious attempt was made to get all these elements extradited to India, and their wealth abroad recovered in the interests of our country.

Even within India all the scams—2G, Coal, Commonwealth and numerous others—have met a quiet death, and honest officers heading departments have been shunted out.

The present government went so far as to suppress documents recovered during the income tax raids on Sahara and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) raids on the Birla group which provided evidence of massive bribery by business groups to top politicians and bureaucrats.

Top bureaucrats have de facto supported corruption. The coal secretary, Anil Swarup, has gone on record saying that not politicians but the “5Cs”, that is, the Central Vigilance Commission, Central Information Commission, CBI, Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) and the courts, are inhibiting quick and effective decision-making and impeding the country’s development (Deshpande et al 2016). Another secretary in the economic ministry agreed: “there is this issue with the Prevention of Corruption Act. Basically, any decision you take benefits someone and may impact someone and just because that is the case you can be hounded” (Deshpande et al 2016).

Counterfeit Currency

As for fake notes, the amount of counterfeit currency seized between 2012 and 2015 was a measly ₹147 crore, that is,₹37 crore per year. A 2015 study by the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata on behalf of the National Investigation Agency estimated the fake currency in circulation to be just ₹400 crore, that is, a mere 0.022% of the total notes in circulation. The minister of state for home affairs reiterated this figure in a statement on 18 November 2016 and added that a mere ₹28 crore of fake notes were confiscated in 2016, and just ₹70 crore of fake currency notes were pumped into the economy every year. Even if the government claims that this figure is a hundred times larger (there are no accurate estimates), that would still not come to 1% of the total money demonetised.

This is hardly significant to cause damage to the small and medium industries, to the economy of retailers and wholesalers, to agriculture (inability to sell, produce and purchase seeds and fertilisers) and the millions of small vendors, traders, truckers, etc. This has already caused havoc for all, except the big business. Over and above, a huge amount has been expended by the government for printing and distributing the news notes—anything from ₹15,000 crore to ₹20,000 crore. Besides, if the accusations for the fake currencies are directed towards a government (Pakistan), it is naïve to think that they would not be able to duplicate the new notes.

Cashless Economy

Less than 50% of our households have access to a bank, over 60% of our economy is in the informal sector all of which is dependent on cash transactions. In a large country like India, barely 3 million people file income tax returns and two million pay tax. India has one of the highest cash to GDP ratios in the world, 12% compared to a world average of 4%. An estimated 78% of transactions in India are in cash compared with 20%–25% in industrialised countries.

As for the other reason cited, the move towards a cashless economy, calling on people to switch to internet banking only indicates how far our decision-makers are from the lives of the people. This Tughlaqian suggestion is like that of Marie Antoinette—when the queen was told that the people have no bread to eat she replied, “well give them cake.”

Untold Suffering and Chaos

What was even more criminal was that the government itself was not prepared to tackle the disruption caused in peoples’ lives by the overnight destruction of 86% of the total currency by value in circulation. Either they did not foresee the problems it would create or they could not care about the lives of the poor and middle classes.

The new ₹500 notes were not ready until five days after the demonetisation. With just the ₹2,000 notes being disbursed, and the lack of smaller notes in the market, people were unable to buy their daily needs of food and medicines. This decision stripped a person overnight of all their hard-earned money, of their purchasing power, without providing an alternative.

The government had gone so far as to state that it will take 50 days to bring normalcy in peoples’ lives. Recently the finance minister has stated that it might take one or two quarters to bring back normalcy! Every second day, the government is changing the policies on how to exchange the notes depending on peoples’ reactions.

The extent of the callousness is unbelievable. Steps could have been taken to ease the pain. Well before the announcement, the RBI could have ensured that a large number of ₹100 notes were available and disbursed instead of the ₹2,000 notes, worthless for daily needs.

The new notes could have been made in the same size and weight as the old notes (while changing their structure and colour) so that they could fit into the existing ATMs.

The recalibration of ATMs, started only a week after the announcement, could take months. Simple steps before the announcement could have paved the way for a relatively smooth transfer.

Yet, the decision to demonetise was taken with no proper preparation. It is estimated to take six months to replace all the notes.

This has, first, resulted in extensive damage to peoples’ lives, and second, a total disruption in the economy of the informal sector.

The queues at the banks and the ATMS are long and people have to stand for hours; very often the notes are over before their turn.

The stress and tension for not having any cash for daily transactions have affected the sick and the elderly adversely and reports of deaths of people while standing in queues have come in from various regions.

The bank employees are harassed, working long hours to meet the demand for disbursing new notes. Daily wage labourers could not find work as employers had no cash to pay them.

The supply chain of goods and services is disrupted, impacting production. Traders and retailers have been deprived overnight of funds to carry on their businesses, and the former can neither source goods after using up their existing stocks, nor can they pay for the transport of the goods to the market.

Retailers cannot sell the goods since customers do not have money to buy them, and they can provide goods on credit to customers only up to a point since they need to pay their suppliers and cannot obtain enough new notes to do so. Normal banking activity is likely to be disrupted for months with banks being fully occupied in exchange transactions.

The kharif harvest is not yet fully marketed in many regions, and producers are unable to sell their crops owing to the shortage of the new money. Many are being offered drastically lower prices for their produce which runs the risk of damage in the coming days. Farmers cannot buy seeds and fertilisers for sowing rabi crops since there is no lower denomination or substitute money available in their nearest banks. Delayed sowing is bound to affect future output. Rural labourers and artisans are entirely dependent on purchase from the market and face great distress.

The worsening situation in urban areas has been extensively reported in the media—not only the wage-earning poor but the middle class too are adversely affected by the overnight artificial and extreme loss of purchasing power. Millions of working hours are being wasted by people standing in long queues at banks, and many are turned away eventually with the new cash running out. The country is being driven into an artificially created recession and the level of economic activity is declining. Ambit Capital estimates that India’s growth could slip to as low as 3.5% as a result of demonetisation compared to earlier projections of 6.8% (Hindu 2016).

References

Aiyar, Swaminathan S A (2016): “Less Black in Cash Means More in Gold,” Times of India, 13 November.

Deshpande, R and Sidhartha (2016): “ ‘5C’s’ also Hinder Decision-making: Coal Secy,” Times of India, 6 April.

Hindu (2016): “Demonetisation Could Halve GDP Growth to 3.5% in Current Fiscal,” Hindu, 19 November.

Indian Express (2016): “Raghuram Rajan: No One Wants To Go After Rich and Well-connected Wrongdoer,” Indian Express, 18 January.

Mehra, Puja (2014): “Black Economy Now Amounts To 75% of GDP,” Hindu, 4 August.

SOURCE: http://www.epw.in/journal/2016/50/commentary/demonetisation.html

INDIA: HARSH THAKOR SAYS SALUTE HEROIC JOINT UNITED FRONT PROTEST IN MOGA AGAINST ENCOUNTER KILLINGS IN MALKANGIRI,REPRESSION IN KASHMIR AND ASSASSINATION OF MUSLIMS IN BHOPAL



SALUTE HEROIC JOINT UNITED FRONT PROTEST IN MOGA AGAINST ENCOUNTER KILLINGS IN MALKANGIRI, REPRESSION IN KASHMIR AND ASSASSINATION OF MUSLIMS IN BHOPAL.

THE VOICE OF PEOPLE WILL ALWAYS RESIST THE IRON FEET OF OPPRESSION LIKE IN PUNJAB.

VARIOUS TRENDS OF REVOLUTIONARY CAMP PARTICIPATED WHICH WAS HEARTENING LIKE INQUILABI KENDRA,C.P.I.(M.L.) NEW DEMOCRACY, LOK SANGRAM MANCH ,LOK MORCHA ETC.

GREAT QUALITY OF RESPONSE IN PUBLIC MEETING.GREAT BOOST TO DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT OF INDIA .

ALMOST 1000 PEOPLE PARTICIPATED IN RALLY.PUBLIC MEETING HELD IN NEHRU PARK ADDRESSED BY N.K.JEET ,BALWANT MAKHU,DARSHAN SINGH KHATKAR,SUKHWINDER KAUR,KANWALJEET KHANNA.

THE FRONT PLEDGED TO CONTINUOSLY COMABT THE STATE REPRESSION THROUGH PROGRAMMES OF THIS NATURE.

AROUND 900-1100 PEOPLE PARTICIPATED IN THE EVENT.PARTICIPATED IN RALLY.

A massive rally through the town comprising around 1000 people and a public meeting was held in Moga in Punjab condemning the encounter killing of 32 maoist activists and adivasis in Malakangiri,repression in Kashmir and killing of Muslim activists in Bhopal. by the Committee against state repression.

All sections of the revolutionary camp participated with the noted presence of activists like Amolak Singh.NK.Jeet,Kanwaljet Khanna,Darshan Singh Khatkar,Narain Dutt EtcLok Sangram Manch,Lok Morcha,New Democracy Group etc all participated.

Such an assembly displayed the great potential of organizing democratic revolutionary protest against  fascist repression in Punjab.

The programme was boost to the morale of the whole nation facing the wrath of fascism.

All the speakers related the state repression with the burning issues of day to day lives of the masses like demonetisation.In nos ate in India perhaps such a concentration of peasantry assemble in an open anti-repression .

Such a united front formed to combat state repression is of great significance.

INDIA: SALUTE THE BOLD RESISTANCE OF REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRATIC FORCES STAGING THE FUNERAL OF COMRADE KUPPU DEVRAJ SAYS HARSH THAKOR




SALUTE THE BOLD RESISTANCE OF REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRATIC FORCES STAGING THE FUNERAL OF COMRADE KUPPU DEVRAJ.AND DEFYING THE FASCIST ATTACK OF THE SAFFRON BRIGADE OF THE SANGH PARIVAR WITH WHICH THE C.P.M.L.D.F. GOVT. AND POLICE COLLUDED WITH.MAY HIS MARTYRDOM RESSURECT THE TORCH OF NAXALBARI IN KERALA AND SOW THE SEEDS FOR MANY NEW ROSES TO BLOOM.ORGANIZE REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRATIC SECULAR RESISTANCE TO DESTROY THE FANGS OF THE HINDU SAFRON SNAKES UNLEASHING FASCIST TERROR IN KERALA..SALUTE COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA FOR BOLDLY DEMANDING JUDICIAL INQUIRY AND C.P.I.LEADER BINOY VISWAM FOR PAYING HOMAGE TO MAOIST LEADER.

Today boldly the revolutionary democratic forces staged the funeral of Comrade Kuppu Dev Raj,the martyred central commitee member of the C.P.I.(Maoist) boldly defying the Sangh Parivar and the C.P.M.led Left Front govt.

The fascist nature of the ruling C.P.M.was exposed and there was no better illustration of how ruling class parties co-operate and bless Hindu communal fascism

It is also significant how the Kerala court rejected the re-post mortem plea which is testimony of how the state machinery morally works and also how much the police complied with the Hindutva fascist and L.D.F.govt,forces forcing the body to be cremated as quickly as possible and at first preventing the homage ceremony from even taking place.

What was encouraging was the spontaneous support to comrade Devraj 's cause by the common people revealing the potential for a big protest movement emerging..Only because of the people's resilience and resistance did the police allow the body to be laid down for paying homage. We must also salute the Communist party of India and it's leader for paying a tribute to the slain Maoist leader and demanding a judicial inquiry.

Amidst slogans shouted from a thousand mouths, the dead body of CPI Maoist central committee member Kuppu Devaraj, killed few days back in a fake encounter in Nilambur in Kerala, was cremated today evening in Calicut.

The unprecedented show of solidarity by the people turned out to be an embarrassment for the CPIM led LDF government.

And the day witnessed high drama as CPI M led government joined hands with the Sangh Parivar forces to keep the body away from people.

As the Kerala High Court rejected the repostmortem plea yesterday, Devaraj's family members including his mother along with human rights activists and other activists came to receive the body from Calicut Medical College.

Their plan was to receive the body and keep it a few hours in Muthalakulam Ground in the city for the people to pay homage before the burial.

However Yuvamorcha and other Sangh Parivar outfits thronged near the ground.

Then the police suggested that the body could be released, but it should be cremated at the earliest.

Veteran revolutionary Gro Vasu then informed the police that the body will be taken to his place for the people to pay last respects.

Then the saffron outfits thronged at Comrade Vasu's place too.

The police then directed that the body will be released only if it's cremated without putting it for the public to pay homage.

Though it was opposed initially , as the police was not ready to budge, the activists was forced to oblige.

Thus the CPM's police and Sangh Parivar forged an alliance to insult even the dead bodies of the revolutionaries.

However, the the dead body was put outside the Medical College and people paid homage there.

The atmosphere was reverberating with revolutionary slogans.

To add to the embarrassment of CPM, CPI state leader Binoy Viswam came to the Medical College and paid homage to Comrade Kuppu Devaraj

Later the body was taken to the Medical College. On the way, saffron outfits tried to obstruct the vehicles of human rights activists.

Later the body was cremated in the government crematorium amidst slogan shouting.

The dead body of Comrade Ajitha is yet to be released.

Human right activists and Maoist sympathisers bid adieu to slain leader of CPI (Maoist) Kuppu Devaraj in Kozhikode district of Kerala, resisting opposition from the Kerala police and BJP workers. Police denied permission to the human rights activists to lay the body at a public place in heart of the city. BJP workers also came out against the move.

Later the activists numbering more than 100 gathered in front of the mortuary and draped the Maoist leader in a red flag and raised slogans praising their martyrdom and Naxalbari movement.

Veteran Marxist leader and former Naxalite A Vasu led the homage.

Earlier in the day, BJP and Yuva Morcha workers had warned that they would disrupt any attempt to organised public view of the body, after which the police had denied permission for it.

After mounting pressure from the rights activists, police was forced to agree on the demand to lay the body before the mortuary to enable sympathisers to pay homage to the Maoist leader.

Kuppu Devaraj and Ajitha, two leaders of the outlawed CPI (Maoist) was killed by the Kerala police in Malappuram District of Kerala on 24 November. As the right activists and kin of the deceased moved to court, it was ordered to keep the bodies in the mortuary.

Meanwhile, the Kerala High Court on Friday restrained the authorities till 13 December from cremating Ajitha?s body, which is kept in the same mortuary.

The Nilambur killing has spawned a debate on the police policy of the LDF government. While the CPI (M) desisted from criticising the police, the second biggest partner in government CPI has lashed out at cops and demanded a judicial enquiry.

 CPI leader Binoy Viswam reached the medical college mortuary and paid homage to the Maoist leader

Friday, December 9, 2016

Let's Talk About Socialism - Prof.R.Wolff




Democracy and Class Struggle publishes this presentation about socialism as we approach 2017 the 100 Anniversary of the Russian Revolution as a contribution to a necessary debate on socialism.

Our view of the Soviet Union is more complex than the oversimplified view presented by Richard Wolff above and we will be publishing our appreciation and a new critique of the Soviet Union in 2017.

Our View of Socialism is outlined in our book Marxism Against Market Socialism published in 2012 which deals with the law of value and its restriction in the Soviet Union and China which we see as primary stages of socialism rather than state capitalism in their earlier years prior to revisionist takeover.

The question of Cuban Revolution  is raised in the video.

Any expansion of money commodity relations in Cuba even under the guise of "co-operative" enterprises is still capitalism.

If you want to go in a socialist direction you have to begin by restricting money commodity relations not expanding them as both revisionist Russia and China did in 20th Century.

Che Guevara profoundly understood and criticized revisionist political economy here and he is more relevant to Cuba Today than ever - we hope comrades in Cuba read and listen to him on questions of political economy.




‘Pursuing the chimera of achieving socialism with the aid of blunted weapons left to us by capitalism (the commodity as the economic cell, profitability, and individual material interests as levers, etc.) it is possible to come to a blind alley’ 

(Che Guevara, in Man and Socialism in Cuba, Atheneum, New York, 1973, p. 34

USA: Why Thousands Are Staying in Standing Rock Despite Army Corp Decision

India: Political Prisoners To Go On Hunger Strike, Protesting Nilambur Encounter Killings: A Hunger Strike will be observed by all the political prisoners kept under trial on Friday the 9th December 2016 in all prisons in South Indian States.




On 24 November 2016, two Maoist leaders were killed by Kerala’s Thunderbolt police in Nilambur forest area. Kuppu Devaraj, a senior member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), and Ajitha, a woman leader of the group’s Karnataka wing were those killed. They do not have any cases registered against them in Kerala state. However, the Kerala Police preferred to kill them.

There is no doubt that CPI (Marxist) is in a hurry to prove their sincerity and submission to central government led by Narendra Modi. The Kerala government led by Pinarayi Vijayan of CPI (M) does not differ with the central government’s doctrine of eliminating all tribal voices to serve Mining Barons.

Beyond these killings, several hundreds of political workers leading tribal struggles are kept without trial in several prisons across Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. These prisoners demand the government to:

· Stop all Political Killings in the name of Encounters

· File First Information Reports (FIR) against those officers involved and book them for Murder

· Order a Judicial Investigation by a serving High court Judge

A Hunger Strike will be observed by all the political prisoners kept under trial on Friday the 9th December 2016 in all prisons in South Indian States.

Statement issued by

Ms.Chandra and Kala, Women Prison, Trichy

Ms. Sayna, Women Prison, Coimbatore

Ms. Reena Joyce Mary, Women Prison, Vellore

Mr. Mahalingam, Vivek, Balamurugan, Central Prison, Madurai

Mr.Rupesh, Veeramani, Kannan, Anoop, Central Prison, Coimbatore

Mr.Sundaramurthy, Puzhal Central Prison, Chennai

Mr.Ranjit, Central Prison, Tirunelvely

Statement issued by Centre for Protection of Democratic Rights, Tamil Nadu