Friday, October 21, 2016

ISIS Tightens Security in Raqqa as more Jihadists Arrive from Iraq

ISIS Tightens Security in Raqqa as More Jihadists Arrive From Iraq

The Islamic State (ISIS) on Wednesday tightened its security measures in the city of Raqqa, in northeastern Syria. According to eyewitnesses and activists, the extremist group has imposed a curfew in the city centre, installed new checkpoints and erected concrete road blocks.
Raqqa serves as a de facto capital of the self-declared Caliphate. Within the city, there has seen a week-long state of alert amongst ISIS jihadists.

“ISIS erected barriers between major districts of Raqqa city,” media activist Abdulkarim al-Yousef told ARA News in Raqqa. “New security checkpoints have been installed across the city, including near the al-Naeem Roundabout, al-Muhafaza Square, Saad Bin Muaz Mosque and al-Zedan Square.”

As previously mentioned, ISIS militants have fanned out, imposing a curfew in Raqqa. Dozens of people have reportedly been arrested at the newly established security checkpoints for violating the curfew.

While ISIS tightened its internal security, ISIS vehicles arrived in Raqqa, coming from Iraq. According to S Awad, an eyewitness, “More than 20 vehicles crossed the border and entered Raqqa on Tuesday at midnight, carrying ISIS militants and weapons.”

The Islamic State’s new redeployments and repression are likely related to the advances being made by US-backed Iraqi and Kurdish forces. On Monday, allied forces began the battle for Mosul and rapidly progressed towards the Caliphate’s Iraqi capital.

More than 4,000 Peshmerga soldiers were involved in the operation, fighting alongside Iraqi security forces. The Peshmerga soldiers liberated on Monday nine villages in the vicinity of Mosul, in an area measuring approximately 200 square kilometres.

The operation was launched from the towns of Gwer and Khazir and coincided with a simultaneous advance by the Iraqi Army who pushed north from Qayarrah.

Mosul-Raqqa Road

Hundreds of Islamic State (ISIS) militants have escaped from Iraq’s Nineveh Governorate, taking the Ba’aj road to Syria. Officials and military officers reported on Tuesday that civilians accompanied the jihadists as the fled west, ahead of advancing Kurdish and Iraqi columns.

Kurdish Peshmerga commander Qassim Shesho confirmed that a large number of ISIS jihadists have fled Mosul’s countryside through the Ba’aj road.

The Ba’aj road rarely appears on maps. It is an unofficial roadway created by ISIS, connecting Mosul city in northern Iraq to Raqqa city in central Syria.

On Saturday, dozens of ISIS jihadists arrived in the Syrian border town of Margada along with their families. The jihadists came from positions in Iraq’s northwestern Nineveh Governorate, which have been evacuated.

Local sources told ARA News that more than 90 ISIS militant had made the journey in a staggered convoy. Eyewitnesses reported that the militants were accompanied by at least 25 civilian families, who were reportedly their relatives.

Also on Saturday, several ISIS military vehicles passed through al-Qa’im crossing on the Syrian-Iraqi border. The vehicles continued on to al-Bukamal city in Syria’s Deir ez-Zor Governorate.

Local media activist Ahmed Hamwi told ARA News: “The vehicles crossed the border in the early morning on Saturday, carrying weapons and dozens of ISIS fighters.”

Reporting by: Jamil Mukarram

Source: ARA News

We Have a Solution for Mosul and Middle East Crisis: PKK Foreign Relations Head Riza Altun

                                                Riza Altun, head of PKK foreign relations 

We Have a Solution for Mosul and Middle East Crisis: PKK Foreign Relations Head Riza Altun
Riza Altun, head of foreign relations for the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and a Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) Executive Council member, has spoken to journalist Erdal Er about the on-going Mosul operation, Turkey’s plans and the stance of the PKK in the upcoming period.

The Mosul operation has begun. Can you assess the first few days, what is the situation?

The operation isn’t moving forward in consensus. Iraqi forces are spearheading the operation officially and the international coalition is supporting it. These are the main forces that will enter Mosul. Turkey has been left out of this process. Peshmerga forces will not enter the city and remain on the outskirts. So will the Shi’ite Al-Hashd Al-Sha’abi [PMU]. It seems that this is also the case for Al-Hashd Al-Watani. This is the basis the operation has been founded on.

What are the dangers without a consensus?

The operation’s command centre is problematic. Each force has a different calculation in Mosul and it’s not an easy target. These forces want to carve a place for themselves in Middle Eastern politics with the operation.

There are many different forces in Mosul. There are potential forces that could ally with Daesh (IS/ISIS).

There are powers like Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, who despite saying they want to be involved in the operation, have ties to Daesh. It is not clear what role they will play yet. The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) is in the middle and it isn’t clear yet what it will do in a situation that is constantly changing. So it is difficult to say what will happen at this moment.

What will happen if the coalition or Iraqi forces cannot get results and the operation fails?
Then the operation will withdraw –which will be a disaster and lead to Daesh taking initiative– or the coalition and Iraqi forces will have to form an alliance with other powers. This will be difficult from the beginning. However it looks very likely.

Let’s say Daesh is defeated, what will happen to Mosul?

That is when the real problems will start. Kurds, various Sunni groups have claims [on Mosul]. Shi’ites have claims, so do regional powers.

International powers

International forces’ plans aren’t that clear, but we all know that they have deep-rooted, extensive calculations. They want to make claims on the Middle East and/or secure their interests. They are moving forward wearily, constantly evaluating each moment, their relations and conflicts and the results of these.


The central Iraqi government wants to protect its federal structure. If it finds the opportunity it wants to consolidate its power and form hegemony. For example it has issues with Kurds. Even though there is a federation there are still areas under contention. In this regard there are problems with the federal structure arising due to the central government.

South Kurdistan

There are serious poblems and demands in the South Kurdistan front. There are the disputed areas. There is the issue of Kirkuk. There are issues with what we call Iraq’s central region. In other words the designating of a Kurdish border, the expansion of the Kurdish federation’s authority, and similar matters. Furthermore there is Tuz Khurmatu, Diyala and other areas with serious issues and disputes. These need to be solved. There are two approaches: continuing with a federal structure or an independent Kurdistan. Both approaches are still valid. Even though there are still uncertainties the Kurdish people want a solution.


Iran approaches issues from a Shi’ite perspective. It wants to be a regional hegemonic power and constantly incites the Iraqi government’s Shi’ite character and then supports it to consolidate Shia dominance in Iraq.


Turkey is implementing a similar policy to Iran using Sunnis. It also has historical claims due to its Ottoman past; Erdogan and the AKP government are using these as strategic claims. From the beginning they have constructed their Middle East policy based on this and see Mosul as Ottoman land. Erdogan’s invocation of the Lausanne Agreement recently is due to this. He wants the National Pact of 1920 to be reviewed to claim rights on Aleppo, Mosul and Kirkuk. Turkey’s calculation in this regard is very dark and dirty. On one hand it wants to wreak havoc to form hegemony based on the Ottoman tradition and on the other it is trying to create Sunni domination using its ties with Salafist forces in Iraq and Syria.

Amongst all these contradictions and conflicts, what do you as the PKK think about the Mosul operation, what are your suggestions?

We want the issues of the Middle East to be solved within a perspective that is egalitarian, liberationist, just and democratic and are struggling for this. This is a policy for Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran. Our leader (Abdullah Öcalan) has reiterated this many times. We are struggling against religious, racial, ethnic and sexual discrimination. Our principle for solving problems is equality. We want this also for Mosul.

Could you elaborate a little?

We base our struggle on the unity and fraternity of peoples and democracy. This approach, as the Middle East is being reshaped, means freedom for everyone. We are waging a struggle and also trying to grow it. It will be difficult to create a free Kurdistan in a Middle East that isn’t free. We want a free Kurdistan in a Middle East where all diversities have a place and voice.

The political-military struggle we were waging in the Middle East and Kurdistan before Daesh was based on this axis. We furthered our fight based on the democratisation of Kurdistan and the Middle East. After Daesh this was better understood. It affected the Middle East because it appealed to its reality. When the Salafist line gained headway, we proved our position and the side we were on with this political and military approach. We gained positive results in Syria, Iraq, Mosul, Kirkuk and many other places. This is our approach to Mosul too.

Can the PKK’s suggestion be a model for Mosul?

All the risks in Mosul could be eliminated if the policies we foresee are implemented. Mosul is a mosaic of peoples: Shi’ites, Sunnis, Kurds, Assyrians, Yazidis. I listed how the other forces view this mosaic above. Each one views it from its own perspective.

Their approaches are problematic because they are self-centred. This is also how they are approaching the operation. How much can the Shi’ites accept the Sunnis, the Turkmen the Arabs or Kurds? There is not a single force or political line that represents all these groups or approaches them in an equal way.

Of course these issues cannot be solved with traditional approaches. We are talking about a political, social organisation in which all these diverse groups can find representation. A relationship and administration that is founded on equal rights. Our proposal for a confederal system is a model that can resolve the crisis in the Middle East. Therefore we want to participate in the Mosul operation with this approach.

Will you join the operation?

We have a political strategy we have developed in the Middle East. Our approach and path is evident.
When no other force could fight against Daesh we stood up and stopped them in Sinjar, Makhmour and Kirkuk fronts. Now some powers have said they don’t want our participation. We believe this is because of regional powers.

Who are these regional powers?

Turkey is active in this regard. Turkey’s new anti-Kurdish policy was founded on the premise, ‘The PKK fought Daesh and became a power in the region. If we can take the Daesh card away from the PKK and present ourselves as the best force against Daesh we can defeat the PKK and bury the Kurds’ in the dustbin of history.’ This is why Turkey is so intent on joining the Mosul operation and preventing the PKK’s participation.

Turkey hasn’t limited its stance to political and military means; it has also resorted to blackmail policies that have put the region and relations at risk. It has turned the PKK’s involvement into a matter of life or death. Turkey’s worry isn’t to solve the problems in Iraq or Mosul. It is to prevent the Kurds from gaining rights and the PKK from becoming a part of the process. This is why it is pressuring the coalition forces and Iraqi regime.

Of course this isn’t just limited to Turkey; Saudi Arabia and Qatar are also involved. They are also in an active position. They want to also eliminate the PKK. We know that the KDP has a role in this too. The PKK was declared a red line in recent meetings between [Iraq Prime Minister] Abadi and the KDP. There is a common axis that is trying to prevent the PKK from expanding its political area of influence. They see this as a danger to their interests.

We will continue our struggle in the Middle East based on our principles. Turkey and other similar powers do not have a solution but we do. Naturally we are going to continue defending the existence and gains of our people.

What is your plan of action from now on?

We will continue walking our own path but will also view how the Mosul operation develops, how it will affect the balance of power and its results. We have never had and will never have the intention of severing ourselves from the process. There is an anti-Kurdish stance led by the Turkish state. We know that the Turkish state wants to eradicate the PKK as part of this anti-Kurdish policy.

We have known for a long time that as part of this policy they want to conduct an operation on Sinjar. A potential operation is definitely connected to the Mosul operation. It is a reflection of the political-military plans in Mosul. Secondly, it is not clear what Turkey and the KDP want to do with Makhmour and Kirkuk. Furthermore the same goes for the Medya Defence Zones [areas controlled by the PKK in South Kurdistan (KRG)]. Naturally we will continue defending our positions.

Are you prepared?

Of course. We have been making preparations since we declared our readiness to join the Mosul operation. Both militarily and politically. We have arrived at this moment by engaging in political, diplomatic efforts. This is a result. We are also ready militarily to take action when the situation arises.

Are diplomatic efforts continuing with coalition forces, the Iraqi government and other powers?
Certainly. However there are no concrete results as of yet. As I said, they have started but we will see how things develop and what results we get. We can say this though: the PKK isn’t going to watch the process from the sidelines, it is going to be leading the way for a solution.

Source: Yeni Özgür Politika

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Iraq : Mosul and its Post Liberation Cantonisation on Ethnic Lines warns York University professor Sabah Alnasseriy

Democracy and Class Struggle says The Mosul Model is a  film from the recent past - from the film you can see the contradictions which led to the rise of ISIL especially treatment of Baath Party members and ex soldiers.

Sabah Alnasseriy of York University in Canada paints a worrying picture of the future of Mosul with its possible Cantonisation in the Real News Interview above.

We only hope that the Liberation of Mosul will bring a multi ethnic council to rule Mosul and sectarianism will be avoided - but that may be just wishful thinking - the reality may be much worse.

Syria and Iraq Military Report for October 20th 2016 : Tal Rifaat and Syrian Kurdish struggle with Turkey

Democracy and Class Struggle says this Report covers Tal Rifaat and Kurdish Struggle with Turkey and its proxies like FSA.

USA: 13 Officers Withdrawn from North Dakota Following Arrest of Madison Elected Official

Philippines: Duterte Announces "Separation" From US

The Final Clinton vs Trump Debate by Trevor Noah

The Turkish military said its fighter jets hit Syrian Kurdish targets in Northern Syria

Democracy and Class Struggle see this attack on the YPG as part of US and Russian duplicity towards Kurds and accommodation to Turkey and its "interests". 

The Turkish military said its fighter jets hit Syrian Kurdish targets in northern Syria, and killed up to 200 fighters, according to state media.

The jets hit 18 targets in Maarrat Umm Hawsh, a region north of the city of Aleppo, the official news agency Anadolu said.

Quoting the army, the report claimed that between 160 and 200 fighters from the YPG (People's Protection Units) group were killed in the raids on Wednesday night.

A Syrian-Kurdish forces leader, however, said that while Turkish jets and artillery were attacking, no more than 10 fighters had been killed so far.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a monitoring group, said at least nine YPG fighters were confirmed killed and 26 people were injured in some 20 raids.

Anadolu said nine buildings used as YPG headquarters, meeting points, shelters and weapons depots were destroyed as well as four vehicles.

Al Jazeera was unable to independently verify the death toll.

The Anadolu report said the YPG had attacked Turkish-backed Syrian rebels. However, the Observatory said it had no information on such an incident.

US-Turkey tension over Syria

In August, Turkey launched a ground operation in northern Syria, targeting the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group and the YPG, and continues to maintain a military presence in the neighbouring country.

The US considers the YPG to be a key force in the fight against ISIL in Syria.

Turkey says the group is an extension of its own outlawed Kurdish fighters - the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - who have carried out a series of deadly attacks in Turkey over the past year.

Tensions between Turkey and the US have increased over the YPG, but Ankara has repeatedly said it will not allow a "terror corridor" on its southern border and wants to prevent the joining of the Kurdish "cantons" of Afrin and Kobane.

"It will be interesting to see what the United States has to say about the attack Turkey has carried out on the force [the US] sees as effective in fighting ISIL in Syria ," said Al Jazeera's Mohammed Adow, reporting from Gaziantep - a Turkish border town near Syria.

Turkey entered the Syrian war to try and remove ISIL from its border - which last month Ankara said it achieved - while also aiming to halt the westward advance of the YPG.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Wednesday that Turkey would not "wait for terrorist organisations to come and attack us" during a speech in Ankara.

"These organisations, wherever their activities are, wherever they are nesting, we will go [there]," he said.

Source: Agencies

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Russia Creates Outpost to Fight ISIS Terrorists Fleeing Iraq

Democracy and Class Struggle Western "aided"  ISIL forces leaving Mosul moving into Syria will meet with Russian and Syrian Forces - the perfidiousness of the Western Coalition are pushing ISIL forces leaving Mosul to attack Syria.

PS: The Commentary on this video has disappeared - hope it returns

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Magnitogorsk to Anshan - the Struggle for Workers Democracy in the 20th Century


Democracy and Class Struggle says French comrades recently made a video about the Long March of the Chinese Revolution which mentions Magnitogorsk and Anshan.

From Magnitogorsk to Anshan - contrasting the developing ideas of Socialism in both the Soviet Union and People's China

Magnitogorsk would be a major city, built largely in secret, on the eastern side of the extreme southwest Urals Mountains on the Ural River in the Chelyabinsk Oblast of the RFSFR. 

There was at this locality a geologic anomaly – namely, a mountain almost entirely made of iron. 

The River locale made it accessible to supply of whatever might be needed to develop this resource for the Soviet Government. 

It would become the world’s largest city devoted to iron and steel manufacturing dwarfing Pittsburgh in size and extent. 

Joseph Stalin had learned of this mountain in his youth, and had climbed it, and had over the years consulted many geologists and engineers about the possibility of exploiting this resource. 

As many young people do he had experimented with a magnetic compass while climbing and had seen how the compass went crazy in different directions according to where one happened to be at the moment. Now he would put that knowledge to work.

 Everything for Magnetic Mountain and it’s A to Z steel manufacturing complex at the center of a satellite of cities devoted to large-scale industrial manufacturing plants, had to be imported to the chosen site and implanted into the virgin land. 

During the years of its construction (the 1930’ s) every attempt was made to jump ahead in social organization along lines which would serve as a “model” for new socialist humanity. 

For a wonderful exposition of what Stalinist Socialism could and did achieve

 I recommend the book Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization, Stephen Korkin, 1995, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles. 

Great advances were made in the development of education from kindergarten through tertiary levels of university and technical institutes. 

Great advances were made in training working people to discuss daily events from the class struggle perspective to determine what a ”socialist” course and/ or perspective should look like on each of the many issues arising in Soviet life. 

At the same time old ideas, some then contemporary Bolshevik ideas, were set aside in favor of publicly discussed and agreed upon modifications (as in the areas of marriage, divorce and abortion.

No area of cultural life was ignored as the buildings comprising Magnetic Mountain were constructed to house every area of social as well as technological life.

Source : Jason B Smith ABC Of Communism 2016

Note On The “Charter Of The Anshan Iron And Steel Company

This report of the Anshan party committee is very good. The more one reads it the more delighted one gets. It doesn’t strike one as too long, in fact, one would be willing to read it even if it were longer; this is because the problems raised in the report are factual, well reasoned, and very absorbing. 

With more than 100,000 workers and staff members, the Anshan Iron and Steel Company is the country’s biggest enterprise. 

Formerly, people there thought that their enterprise was a modernized one and there was no need for technical revolution. 

They were opposed to launching vigorous mass movements, to the principle of cadre participation in productive labor and worker participation in management, of reform of irrational and outdated rules and regulations and of close cooperation among cadres, workers, and technicians, and opposed to putting politics in command..; they relied on just a few people working in seclusion. 

Many favored the system of placing responsibility solely on the factory director and were against the system of the factory director designated to undertake responsibility under the leadership of the party committee. 

They held that the “Charter of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine” (a set of authoritative rules practiced in a big steel plant in the Soviet Union) was sacred.

That was the situation up to the Great Leap Forward in 1958, which marked the first stage. The year 1959 marked the second stage, when people began to think things over, began to have faith in the mass movement, and began to question the system of placing responsibility solely on the factory director and the Charter of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine. 

During the Lushan Meeting of July 1959, the Central Committee received a good report from them, which spoke in favor of the Great Leap Forward, of opposing the right deviation and making utmost exertions; it also put forward a high but practicable target. 

The Central Committee was extremely pleased with the report and had it circulated ! to the comrades concerned with its comment. They immediately relayed it by telephone to their respective provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, thus helping the struggle going on at the time to criticize right opportunism. 

The present report (March 1960) takes another step forward; it does not smack of the Charter of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine, but has given birth to a Charter of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company. 

Here emerges the Charter of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company in China, in the Far East. This marks the third stage. Now this report is being passed on to you and you are asked to transmit it to the large and medium-sized enterprises under your administration and to party committees of all large and medium-sized cities and, of course, you may also transmit it to prefectural party committees and other cities.

It should be used as a document for study by cadres in order to stimulate their minds and make them think about the affairs in their own units, so that under due leadership a great Marxist-Leninist movement of economic and technical revolution will be carried out link by link and wave upon wave in the cities and the country side during the whole year of 1960.

Source : Mao Zedong Collected Works 1960

Constitution of Anshan Iron and Steel Company Spurs Revolution And Production

Source: Peking Review, No. 16, April 17, 1970
Transcribed by

ILLUMINATED by the Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company formulated personally by our great leader Chairman Mao, China's biggest iron and steel centre Anshan is marching with big strides in line with Mao Tsetung Thought. Revolution and production in Anshan have been developing vigorously, and a prosperous and flourishing new atmosphere prevails.

Since entering the great 1970s, the company's workers, revolutionary cadres and technicians, in close combination with struggle-criticism-transformation, have launched a new high tide of living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought, centred on implementing the Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company.

Factories and mines of the company have all organized Mao Tsetung Thought study classes to implement the Anshan constitution in an all-round way and held meetings to exchange experience in this work.

In the mines, at the side of furnaces and in the workshops, the workers carried out revolutionary mass criticism along with the revolutionary cadres and technicians.

With the Anshan constitution as their weapon, they angrily denounced and thoroughly criticized the towering crimes committed by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in pushing the counter-revolutionary revisionist line in running enterprises.

Careful study and mass criticism have helped the revolutionary broad masses grasp more fully the Anshan constitution and tremendously raised their consciousness of the struggle between the two lines.

This has propelled the mass movement of struggle-criticism-transformation in the company forward with gathering momentum and resulted in successive new victories in revolution and production.

Since the beginning of this year, the output of pig iron, steel, steel billets, rolled steel, coke, sintered ore and other main products has risen steadily and the consumption of raw and other materials and fuel has dropped notably, and the time for per heat of steel has been shortened.

The company's steel mills are producing cold-rolled silicon-steel sheets in rolls and other new products, thus filling up some blanks in the varieties of rolled steel in China.

The Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company was formulated personally by our great leader Chairman Mao on March 22, 1960. During the high tide of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, the workers at Anshan held high the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, displayed the revolutionary spirit of daring to think and act and waged resolute struggles against the revisionist line in running enterprises,

They firmly placed politics in command, launched vigorous mass movements, went full steam ahead with technical innovations and technical revolution, and achieved fruitful results.

Chairman Mao summed up the great creative experience of the Chinese working class and in sharp contrast to the Soviet revisionist "Constitution of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine'' (the revisionist system of management practised in the Soviet Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine), he formulated the Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company.

In it he laid down the five fundamental principles for running socialist enterprises well, namely.

 "Keep politics firmly in command; strengthen Party leadership; launch vigorous mass movements; institute the system of cadre participation in productive labour and worker participation in management, of reform of irrational and outdated rules and regulations, and of close co-operation among workers, cadres and technicians; and go full steam ahead with the technical innovations and technical revolution."

The great Anshan constitution emerged like the red sun in China and the Far East.

It lights up the road for the proletariat in running enterprises. But before the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Liu Shao-chi and his agents at Anshan, frightened to death by the Anshan constitution, bitterly hated it and stubbornly blocked it from reaching the masses and resisted it frantically.

They feverishly pushed the "Magnitogorsk constitution." They advocated such counter-revolutionary revisionist fallacies as "relying on experts to run the factories," "production first," "putting profits in command" and "material incentives," and put down the vigorous mass movements in an attempt to misdirect the Anshan Iron and Steel Company on to the evil road of capitalism.

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution personally initiated and led by our great leader Chairman Mao has cleared the way for the proletariat to run factories and all economic undertakings.

On March 22, 19G8, the Anshan Municipal Revolutionary Committee was set up. The first plenary session of the Committee passed a decision for firm implementation of the Anshan constitution.

Thus, the great Anshan constitution which had long been pigeonholed by Liu Shao-chi and company swiftly became known to the workers and immediately gave great impetus to the enterprise.

Under the leadership and with the assistance of the revolutionary committees at various levels and the People's Liberation Army men supporting the Left, the revolutionary masses hold high the banner of the Anshan constitution.

They have carried out sustained revolutionary mass criticism and firmly adhered to the five principles of the Anshan constitution 10 guide and promote the struggle-criticism-transformation in a determined effort to turn the Anshan Iron and Steel Company into a great red school of Mao Tsetung Thought.

 As a result of the unprecedented revolutionary vigour and enthusiasm on the part of the cadres and workers, production quotas have been overfullfilled one after another.

In 1969 alone, over 430 new products were successfully trial-produced and more than 2,000 technical innovations were introduced. The vigorous development of revolution and production fully shows the tremendous power of the Anshan constitution.

   Chairman Mao teaches us: "There is no construction without destruction. Destruction means criticism and repudiation, it means revolution." Through practice over the past two years, the revolutionary masses at Anshan have understood profoundly that full implementation of the Anshan constitution requires a profound ideological revolution, deep-going and sustained revolutionary mass criticism, relentless criticism of the "Constitution of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine" and thorough elimination of the remaining pernicious influence of its revisionist line for running enterprises.

In line with Chairman Mao's great teachings Politics is the commander, the soul in everything and "Political work is the life-blood of all economic work," workers at Anshan, holding high the banner of revolutionary mass criticism, roundly criticized the towering crimes committed by Liu Shao-chi and his agents in plotting capitalist restoration by peddling the "Constitution of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Combine*1 and such counter-revolutionary revisionist trash as "putting profits in command"' and "material incentives."

Through revolutionary mass criticism, they have been able to distinguish more clearly between the revisionist line in running enterprises and Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line. This has increased their determination to give prominence to proletarian politics.

The revolutionary masses of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company's seamless tubing mill said: "When we put politics in command, the situation is completely new; otherwise, it would be lifeless. The capitalist roaders of the mill stubbornly pushed Liu Shao-chi's counter-revolutionary revisionist trash such as 'using economic methods to manage economic undertakings' and 'doing whatever is profitable'; regardless of the interests of the state, the capitalist roaders spread the fallacy that 'the mill will not accept orders for processing steel tubes which are wanted in small numbers, which must meet high and stringent standards, which are difficult to produce and which are of the same specifications.'

As a result, they misdirected our socialist enterprises on to the road of capitalism and production was lifeless." After the establishment of the mill's revolutionary committee, taking the Anshan constitution as their weapon, the revolutionary masses undertook deep-going and sustained revolutionary mass criticism of the fallacy whose essence was "putting profits in command

." Thus the way was cleared for giving prominence to proletarian politics and the workers' revolutionary initiative and creativeness was greatly stimulated.

They persevere in using Mao Tsetung Thought to command everything, always bear in mind the interests of the country and dare to shoulder heavy tasks for the revolution. They are ingenious in finding ways to expand the types and specifications of products and have turned out large numbers of very big, long, thick, thin and hard seamless steel tubes which were considered impossible in the past.

The number of types and specifications is well above the total for the previous 13 years and production is now more than double the originally designed capacity.

Chairman Mao teaches us: "The force at the core leading our cause forward is the Chinese Communist Party," "Without the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party no revolution can succeed."

While intensively studying and conscientiously implementing the Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company, workers and revolutionary cadres at Anshan have studied once again these great teachings of Chairman Mao's and received a profound education.

They have conscientiously studied Chairman Mao's great programme for consolidating and building the Party and the new Party Constitution, and scathingly criticized the crimes of Liu Shao-chi and his agents in pushing "relying on experts to run the factories" and the "system of one-man leadership" in an attempt to abolish Party leadership.

This has helped them understand even more deeply the greatness, glory and correctness of the Chinese Communist Party founded and nurtured by our great leader Chairman Mao himself. They said that only by putting the socialist enterprises under the absolute leadership of the Party could there be guarantee that the socialist enterprises would never change their nature and would always march forward victoriously along Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.

They all pledged to firmly establish the concept of Party leadership, actively and consciously follow Party leadership and uphold it, unite closely around the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, closely follow Chairman Mao's great strategic plan and continue to win new victories in both revolution and production.

In implementing the Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company, the leading members of the revolutionary committees at all levels and the workers have condemned the heinous crimes of Liu Shao-chi and his agents in sabotaging the "launching of vigorous mass movements" and "the system of cadre participation in productive labour and worker participation in management, of reform of irrational and outdated rules and regulations, and of close co-operation among workers, cadres and technicians."

They have established the system of cadre participation in collective productive labour and elected a great number of advanced workers to the leading groups of the revolutionary committees at all levels to lead and manage socialist enterprises.

Many plants and mining enterprises have set up "three-in-one" combination groups consisting of the workers, who form the main body, and the technicians and revolutionary cadres. 

In close co-operation, they have vigorously carried out technical revolution and actively and carefully changed irrational and outdated rules and regulations. This has resulted in a rapid development in production.

Big clumsy and outmoded equipment which the capitalist roaders and the bourgeois "authorities" considered unalterable has been greatly improved by the "three-in-one" technical innovation groups and is now playing a greater role in production.

The company's revolutionary committees at all levels are now summing up their experience and noting where they still lag behind the advanced enterprises.

They are determined to hold still higher the brilliant banner of the Anshan constitution, speed up the work of struggle-criticism-transformation, achieve still greater victories in both revolution and production, and win honour for our great leader Chairman Mao and our great socialist motherland.